In 711, the Islamic Empire enters Spain, a land already rich in
Christian Roman, Visigothic and Jewish cultures. By 732, the Islamic
Empire unites most of the peninsula, calling it Al-Andalus.
Jews and Christians worship freely without fear of persecution.
Yet, in the following decades, Al-Andalus is an often turbulent melting
pot of cultures and allegiances: Amazighs (Berbers), Arab and native Muslims, Christians, and
During this time, Al-Andalus also witnesses the emergence of major
figures, the birth of vital cities, the rise and demise of ruling dynasties,
decisive battles, and an important role for women. All these contribute to a culturally rich, diverse, and thriving civilization.
Decisive battle between Tariq ibn Ziyad and King Roderic