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The Abrahamic Faiths: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Among the major world religions, three are very closely related in their origins, beliefs, and revealed books, or holy scriptures. They are also closely related in their moral and ethical beliefs, as well as their views of the individual and social life.

They are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Their followers are called Jews, Christians, and Muslims, respectively.

Jews, Christians, and Muslims are all monotheists, which means they believe in a one God. However, the three faiths do differ in important aspects of their beliefs.

Historically, relations among the followers of these faith groups include both conflict and cooperation. In modern times, adherents of the Abrahamic religions sometimes act as enemies. At other times, in essence, they appear like squabbling children of a single parent, who are in fact capable of reaching understanding and living in peace together.

The combined three Abrahamic faiths comprise the largest percentage of the world's religions. The map below indicates in pink where Jews, Christians, and Muslims are in the majority.

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DISCLAIMER: This purpose of this website is to provide supplemental information to the Cities of Light film and is not intended as a scholarly or academic resource. For scholars' sources, see the Recommended Readings section on this site. Articles reprinted from other sources reflect the views and opinions of the authors, and may not necessarily mirror those of UPF.