Al-Andalus gave birth to a flourishing and unique civilization,
reaching a high level of development in the 11th and 12th centuries
when [Christianity and Islam] became practically equal in their
material development. Not only was the level of material culture the
highest in western Europe up to that time, but it was, in general,
accessible to most of the population.
| ||Juan Zozaya, Material Culture in Medieval Spain
| || || |
For several centuries, Christians, Muslims, and Jews
lived together and prospered in southern Spain. During this
enlightened period, individuals made lasting contributions
to their culturally diverse civilization of multiple faiths.
However, gradually over the next three centuries, larger
forces vying for power gave way to puritanical judgments,
absolutism and religious extremism. Ultimately, these
exclusive policies and the conflict they unleashed
extinguished the shared learning that had flourished.